RBI Central Bank Mandatory Reserves Coverage
This summary covers equity investments by Raiffeisen Bank International AG (RBI) in its subsidiary in Kosovo, Raiffeisen Bank Kosovo J.S.C. (Raiffeisen Kosovo). The investor has applied for a MIGA guarantee of up to €57 million ($69.8 million equivalent) for a period of up to five years in connection with the reserves held by the subsidiary with the local central bank.
Vienna-based RBI is a universal banking group that has operated for over 30 years in the Central, Eastern and Southeastern Europe (CEE). It is present in 15 markets with a network of retail banks across CEE. RBI’s subsidiary banks abroad are required to maintain reserves at the central banks in their respective jurisdictions, generally based on the volume of customer deposits that these subsidiaries have. This exposure leads to higher risk weights on assets at the consolidated level, resulting in increased capital allocation for country risk exposure. At the consolidated level, the risk weighting determines the amount of equity required to maintain a specified capital adequacy ratio in accordance with European banking regulations.
This project is a Category FI-1 project according to MIGA’s Policy on Environmental and Social Sustainability. MIGA has performed an analysis of Raiffeisen Kosovo’s portfolio for types of transactions, size, tenor, and industry sectors. Corporate lending constitutes a significant portion of the portfolio, and some of the sectors receiving financing may include high to medium environmental and social risks. The main E&S risks of this project are associated with the bank’s lending activities in potentially high E&S risk sectors and its capacity to manage these risks. Based on the environmental and social risks associated with Raiffeisen Kosovo’s portfolio, the applicable performance requirements are MIGA’s Exclusion List, applicable national environmental and social laws and regulations, and MIGA’s Performance Standards.
MIGA has had an active guarantee covering Raiffeisen Kosovo since 2015. Based on recent monitoring activities, Raiffeisen Kosovo is considered in compliance with the applicable performance requirements. An Environmental and Social Management System (ESMS) is being implemented which includes screening against MIGA’s Exclusion list and requirements of national legislation, categorization of projects, application of the Performance Standards for high risk corporate loans and project financing, and monitoring and reporting. There is a sustainability officer in place whose responsibilities include coordination of the ESMS and environmental and social reporting, and Raiffeisen Kosovo rolled out an ESMS capacity building program for its employees in 2015 and 2016. Labor practices and working conditions at Raiffeisen Kosovo are based on a Raiffeisen group level Code of Conduct, and in line with national regulations and the requirements of MIGA’s Performance Standards. Raiffeisen Kosovo will continue to submit an annual report to MIGA, documenting the implementation of the ESMS as well as ongoing compliance with applicable elements of the Performance Standards.
The project is expected to support RBI’s overall business strategy in Kosovo. MIGA’s guarantee allows RBI to achieve RWA relief at the group consolidated level and provide the enabling conditions to the parent bank to pass the benefits of this support to its operating subsidiaries. As mandatory reserves, held at each respective central bank, attract lower risk weights because of MIGA, assets in Kosovo can be deployed more productively, thereby either accelerating the pace of leveraging (i.e. expansion of loans to customers) or slowing down the pace of deleveraging (i.e. retention of loans to customers).