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Project Information

Summaries of proposed guarantees are provided prior to Board consideration and before final contract signing, and they are therefore subject to change. Project briefs are disclosed after Board consideration and contract signing and reflect the terms of the project at the time of contract signature.
Project Name Buchanan Renewables Fuel Inc.
Guarantee Holder Vattenfall AB
Investor Country Sweden
Host Country Liberia
Sector Agribusiness
Gross Exposure ($million) 165.0
Fiscal Year 2011
Status Proposed
Project Number 8477
Environmental Category B
Date SPG Disclosed November 18, 2010
Projected Board Date December 20, 2010

This summary covers an investment by Vatenfall AB of Sweden in Buchanan Renewables Fuel Incorporated in Liberia. The investor has applied for MIGA guarantees of up to $165 million covering their equity investment and shareholder loan. The guarantees will have a term of up to 15 years providing coverage against the risks of expropriation and war and civil disturbance.

Buchanan Renewables Fuel Inc. (BRF) is a Liberian biomass cultivator that collects and processes non-productive rubber trees for export to Vatenfall’s power plants in Europe. Vatenfall’s investment will result in an expansion of the current operation from 500,000 tons of biomass per annum to two million tons. Each non-producing rubber tree collected by BRF will be replaced with at least one new, productive tree.

Environmental Categorization

The project is a Category B under MIGA’s environmental review procedures. Click here to view the Environmental and Social Review Summary.

Development Impact

Vatenfall’s investment will bring experience and technology to Liberia’s most important industry. The rubber industry employs over 40,000 Liberians directly, plus an additional 5,000 in related industries. Rubber sales currently constitute 90 percent of the country’s export revenues. As a labor-intensive industry in which Liberia has proven its global competitiveness, rubber is Liberia’s best available option for generating wide-scale sustainable employment and poverty alleviation.

Vatenfall’s investment will help develop a sustainable biomass source from unproductive trees (an agricultural waste product), as well as helping Liberia rehabilitate its rubber industry.  Even though rubber plantations continued to operate during the war, there was limited replanting and the inventory is old. An estimated 60-75 percent of rubber trees have been slaughter-tapped and/or left to ruin during 15 years of civil conflict. This backlog amounts to nearly 60 million tons of biomass that can be harvested and exported. This project will help farmers by removing unproductive trees that provide no income and accelerate the farm-rejuvenation cycle. It also turns a liability into an asset for the farmers because they are compensated for the biomass.

MIGA’s proposed guarantee is aligned with the World Bank Group’s strategy of improving Liberia’s agriculture and natural resources management in ways that generate pro-poor growth. It is also aligned with MIGA’s commitment to supporting investments in the world’s poorest countries as well as countries affected by conflict.

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